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World Heritage Sites

Below you will find information on these World Heritage sites.

- iSimangaliso Wetlands Park, formerly known as Greater St Lucia Wetlands Park. The area covers 260 000 hectares. There are colourful coral reefs, freshwater marshes, estuaries and open forested coastal dunes, some of which are among the largest dunes in the world. Central Lake St Lucia is one of the largest freshwater lakes in South Africa. You can sail wonderfully here enjoying a view of hippos, flamingos, Nile crocodiles and many species of birds. If you visit, you can admire the southern right whales park in June. This type of whale swims off the coast on the way to Antarctica accompanied by whale sharks and dolphins.

- Robben Island. The worldwide infamous prison where Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for so many years is also known for its unique flora and fauna. In 1999, the island was classified as a historical monument.

- Cradle of Humankind. This covers the area around Sterkfontein, Swartkrans, Kromdraai and surroundings. You will find the world's richest concentrations of hominid fossils, which testify to the evolution over 3.5 million years. In 1936 at Sterkfontein Valley, Dr. Robert Broom found the oldest adult sheath of the ape: the Australopithecus Africanus Transvaal Ensis. Therefore, this area is called the Cradle of Humankind. The skull was nicknamed: Mrs. Ples. At the Sterkfontein Caves more than 600 human fossils are found. In 1995, they found ancient vessels of the foot with an extension to the ankle. This finding was nicknamed Little Foot. The bones proved that the ape walked upright and so it was the forerunner of today's man.

- uKhahlamba Drakensberg Park. This park has a natural beauty with Africa's highest mountain range south of Kilimanjaro and the largest concentration of rock art and paintings. This makes it in nature a cultural World Heritage site.

- Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape. Mapungubwe means place of the stone of wisdom. It was South Africa's first kingdom and also developed into the largest principality of the subcontinent. After its heyday between 1000 and 1300 this kingdom was finally abandoned at the end of the 14th century. The sophisticated people traded with China, India and Egypt in gold and ivory.

- Cape Floral Region. This area covers only 0.04% of the total land, an area of ​​553 000 hectares. It is located in the province of Western Cape. It contains 20% of the flora of the continent. It makes this area one of the richest areas in the world where there were 18 different biospheres. The area stretches from Cape Town in the west to the Eastern Cape in the east. The semi Mediterranean climate provides cold, wet winters and dry, hot summers.

- Vredefort Dome. About 2 billion years ago a meteorite hit with a diameter of 10 km from the earth about 100km southwest of Johannesburg and made a huge crater here. This area, near the town of Vredefort in the Free State is known as Vredefort Dome.

- Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape. This area covers 160 000 hectares of dramatic mountainous desert in the north west of South Africa. 

Your holiday begins at South Africa Specialist.