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Lesotho

For those who want to go to Lesotho, back to basics is a must. A trip to Lesotho brings you back to the original form. Discover the untouched ecosystems of Lesotho where animals and humans live in harmony and be surprised by the overwhelming nature. The hospitable people of Lesotho welcome you with open arms.

This Lesotho kingdom is in the air which stands as an island surrounded by South Africa. More than 200 000 people live in the capital of Maseru. It is a lively and vibrant city, with African, Asian and European influences. There is a relaxed atmosphere and it's a great place as a base for trips to the rest of Lesotho.

In the centre of Maseru, you can visit the national museum, the royal palace or the millinery Basotho Head, where the characteristic pointed hat of grass is manufactured. Just outside the centre is a statue of Moshoeshoe the Great, the first king of the country.

Just north of Maseru is Lancer's Gap. This is named after the battle against the English in 1880, where more independence was obtained. From here you have a perfect view over the capital and the Caledon Valley. At 130 kilometres from Maseru, you will find the Masitise caves where several rock paintings can be admired. These rock paintings date from the time of the Bushmen and are at least 50 000 years old.

The local children are excellent guides for a small fee. With a shuttle bus from Hyperama supermarket in Maseru you go to Thaba-Bosiu, a ruined mountain town. Here, the fortress is from 1860 of King Moshoeshoe the Great. This is considered a national monument, as it has never been in the hands of the enemy by its strategic location. You will find a visitor centre and also beautiful views of the Qiloane peak, which was the model for the famous Basotho hat. At Subeng you can witness the remains of dinosaurs. Here there are perfectly preserved dinosaur footprints to see that are 180 million years old. In Molimo Nthuse you will find the highest waterfalls in southern Africa, the Meletsunyane waterfalls.

A trek through Maluti, the Drakensberg, you can use the best Mokhotlong as a base. This is located about 270 kilometres north of Maseru. It is the driest, coldest and remotest place of Lesotho with some accommodation. Walking through the deserted mountains in Sehlabathebe National Park is popular in Lesotho. You do not come face to face with dangerous wild animals here. Be sure to visit the waterfalls in Meletsunyane Molimo Nthuse.

In Lesotho fish is widely eaten from their own waters. There are a lot of imports from South Africa.

The capital of Lesotho is Maseru. This is also the only city in Lesotho, consisting of small village communities.

Lesotho has two official languages, Sesotho and English. Most residents speak both languages. You can go here with speaking English during your vacation and / or tour.

Lesotho Climate
The level largely determines the climate. Spring announces itself in August and in the summer; from November to January the mountains and waterfalls are the best to travel. The average temperature is 28°C. The precipitation falls mainly from October to April. From May to July there is sometimes snow and frost in the nights. The temperature is then an average of 10°C.

Lesotho Culture
Lesotho's history goes back a long time. Petrified forests and dinosaur footprints are here to prove it. The wall paintings of the Bushmen, which are over 50 000 years old, are a silent witness to the rich history.

Lesotho is a magical place where music and dance deep into the rituals and daily life are rooted. Characteristic of musical events are the shepherd's flute lekolulo the Thomo, a stringed instrument that should only be played by women, and a kind of harp, the Seto-Tolo, which is again a real men instrument. Ancient rituals, customs and superstition play a role every day. Cattle are sacrificed as a status symbol.

The people still lead a traditional and simple existence. Lesotho has many old craftsmen; producing brilliant products including pottery, silver and mohair. The typical handmade, woven grass, Mokorotlo hats have become the trademark of this beautiful country.

Lesotho Geography
Landscape

Lesotho's nickname is "Kingdom in the sky". It owes its name to the height at which it is located. Lesotho is entirely above 1000 meters. Wherever you are in Lesotho, you can always count on spectacular views. The Kingdom of Lesotho is just enclosed the size of Belgium and across the entire 909 km through South Africa. On the east side is the Maluti (Drakensberg) a natural border. The highest mountain in this range, the Thabana Ntlenyana is 3482m high and is located in Lesotho.

Inhabitants
Lesotho is a constitutional monarchy and has over two million inhabitants, according to unofficial counts. Over 60% of the population is Christian. Only 9% of the population depends on traditional African religion.