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Health

General
It is recommended that you ask/visit your municipal health or hospital in England to consult about any vaccinations or medications you might need.

It is also important about which countries you've visited recently and which countries (tour) you will be visiting. If you feel unwell after returning home within a few weeks after returning, we recommend that you visit the doctor. Many African diseases such as malaria, hepatitis and / or a tick bite can be diagnosed by a simple blood test. If you use malaria tablets you need to complete the treatment after returning home completely according prescription.

Holidaymakers returning are at increased risk of legionella infection in their own home. People are usually unaware that taps and showers which are not used for more than a week can cause legionella. Legionella contamination can be prevented according to installers association UNETO-VNI by taking a few simple steps: open for a minute to return all hot and cold water taps. It is important to drain the water calmly.

Yellow fever:
Yellow fever does not occur in the southern tip of South Africa (among them South Africa, Botswana, Namibia). A little higher up, the disease or the vaccination for it is recommended or even required, especially when traveling through a country where yellow fever is still frequent (even if it is only one stop at the airport). In some countries, a so-called yellow fever certificate required. Vaccinations must be given at least 10 days before departure.

In Zambia it was obliged to have a Yellow Fever vaccination until February 2015. At this time, the risk of yellow fever abated. However, it is always advisable to contact your doctor for advice.

Vaccinations for older travellers (60+) are that there is a greater risk of side effects of the yellow fever vaccination. This opportunity is especially present if they have not previously had this vaccination. In some cases, the physician decides to not submit this vaccination. For visitors from England/Europe to South Africa there are no vaccination requirements at this time. More information can be obtained from your vaccination doctor.

HIV:
Unfortunately, millions of people in Africa are infected with the HIV virus, even in South Africa.

Insect bites or bites of other animals:
Scorpions, bees, spiders, snakes, crocodiles, leopards, ticks, mosquitoes, hippos, you name it, they all occur in South Africa. So travel with a first aid kit with necessary first aid attributes. At the pharmacy you can buy a special box against all kinds of bites. If you sleep in areas with lots of mosquitoes, sleep under a mosquito net and use insect repellent. Check regularly that you do not have a tick bite and take a tick ointment/repellent (available at drugstores) on your journey. Do not touch scorpions, spiders etc. with bare hands and don't place your hand or foot where you have no control. The animals often hide in dark places (e.g. in a hollow tree trunk) and the chances are that you are bitten or stung when you are in their territory. Do not leave shoes outside your tent when you're camping, so no small animals can crawl in there.

Malaria:
For more information on malaria and malaria prevention: Click here.

Medicines:
If you use medication take it along in the original package and keep the note from your pharmacy with your travel voucher. You can then answer any questions at a border crossing and buy new medicines back in SA for lost luggage.

Dehydration:
Some parts of South Africa can be very hot in some seasons. Avoid dehydration by drinking enough water.

Vaccinations:
Recommended vaccinations for South Africa: DTP and Hepatitis A. Diphtheria, Tetanus and Polio (DTP), are diseases which are already vaccinated normally at a young age in the United Kingdom. A Hepatitis A (infectious jaundice) vaccination is especially recommended when traveling under primitive conditions. Travellers staying longer than three months in South Africa are often advised to take a Hepatitis B vaccination. In some cases, a vaccination against rabies, MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) and / or Tuberculosis are given.

A vaccination doctor can give a travel warning in some cases and advise you not to take the vaccination. This could be achieved when one has a reduced resistance or if you are, pregnant (e.g. chemotherapy), or want to be, or if one is suffering from cardiovascular disease.

Food poisoning:
"Be careful with what" you eat is a general sage advice for travellers worldwide. Diarrhoea is experienced by 20 to 50% of travellers and can cause dehydration. Avoid foods that are kept warm for hours on hot plates or under a lamp, avoid raw eggs and ensure that fruit and vegetables are cleaned and peeled. Be careful with shellfish.

Sunburn:
The sun is at its strongest between 11:00 and 15:00, so avoid spending time under the sun for too long if possible. Protect yourself with a good sunscreen and wear a hat or cap to protect yourself. Even if it is cloudy, a risk of burns remains.

Your holiday begins at South Africa Specialist!